If you have diabetes, you know that controlling blood sugar levels (or blood glucose levels) is important. You have to keep your levels steady. Having a blood sugar level that''s also formed and stored inside the body. It''s carried to each cell for 1 last update 12 Jul 2020 through the bloodstream.If you have diabetes, you know that controlling blood sugar levels (or blood glucose levels) is important. You have to keep your levels steady. Having a blood sugar level that''s also formed and stored inside the body. It''s carried to each cell through the bloodstream.
Hyperglycemia (pronounced: hi-per-gly-SEE-me-uh) is the medical word for high blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels happen when the body either can''t respond to insulin properly (type 2 diabetes). The body needs insulin so glucose in the blood can enter the cells of the body where it can be used for energy. In people who have developed diabetes, glucose builds up in the blood, resulting in hyperglycemia.
Having too much sugar in the blood for long periods of time can cause serious health problems if it''t usually show up in kids or teens who have had the disease for only a few years. But they can happen in adulthood in some people with diabetes, particularly if they haven''re above your target range. Your diabetes health care team will let you know what your target blood sugar levels are.
What Causes High Blood Sugar Levels?
Managing diabetes is like a three-way balancing act because you have to watch:
- the medicines you take ( or pills)
- the food that you eat
- the amount of exercise you get
All three need to be balanced. If any one of these is off, blood sugar levels can be too. In general, higher than normal blood glucose levels can be caused by:
- not taking your diabetes medicine when you''t cause for alarm — it happens to everyone with diabetes from time to time. But if you have high blood sugar levels a lot, let your parents and your diabetes health care team know. Insulin or meal plans may need adjusting, or you may have an equipment issue, like an insulin pump that isn''t enough insulin to help the body use glucose, the body breaks down muscle and stored fat instead in an attempt to provide fuel to hungry cells.
- Feeling tired: Because the body can''s instructions.
- Contact your diabetes health care team.
- Continue to take insulin (the dose may need to be adjusted).
- Check your blood sugar levels frequently.
- Contact your diabetes health care team if you start taking any other medicine.
- Your insulin or pills may need to be adjusted while you take the medicine that''t worry too much if you get a high blood sugar reading occasionally. But if you have consistently high blood sugar levels, you should talk to your doctor about it.
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When the body doesn''t get into the body''t use glucose for fuel, it starts to use fat. When this happens, chemicals called ketones are released into the blood. Some of these ketones, like extra glucose, pass out of the body through the urine.
High levels of ketones in the blood can be a problem because they cause the blood to become acidic. Too much acid in the blood throws off the body''s not treated. The good news, though, is that it''t develop all at once — they usually come on slowly over several hours. People who have DKA may:
- feel really tired
- feel really thirsty or pee way more than usual
- have a dry mouth and signs of dehydration
These symptoms are caused by the high blood sugar levels that usually happen before someone develops DKA. If the person doesn''s important to check blood sugar levels and urine (or blood) ketones when you''re having symptoms of DKA.
Because high levels of ketones appear in the urine (as well as the blood), ketones can be checked at home by testing a sample of your pee. If the urine test for ketones is negative, it usually means your symptoms are not due to DKA.
Follow your diabetes management plan about when to check for ketones and what to do if the test is positive. In some cases, your diabetes management team may also have you use special blood test strips to check ketone levels in your blood too.
How Is DKA Treated?
DKA is very serious, but it can be treated if you go to the doctor or hospital right away. To feel better, a person with DKA needs to get insulin and fluids through a tube that goes into a vein in the body (an IV).
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Avoiding High Blood Sugar and DKA
diabetes cardiovascular research florida obese (☑ pathophysiology) | diabetes cardiovascular research florida and hypothyroidismhow to diabetes cardiovascular research florida for No matter how well they take care of themselves, people with diabetes will sometimes have high blood sugar levels. But the best way to avoid problems is to keep your blood sugar levels as close to your desired range as possible, which means following your diabetes management plan. Checking your blood sugar levels several times a day will let you know when your blood sugar level is high. Then you can treat it and help prevent DKA from happening.
High blood sugar levels don''t testing regularly might be having blood sugar levels high enough to damage the body without even realizing it. Doctors may use the HbA1c test to find out if someone has been having high blood sugar levels over time, even if the person has not had obvious symptoms.
Here are some other tips for avoiding high blood sugar levels and preventing DKA:
Date reviewed: May 2018
- Try to eat all your meals and snacks on time and not skip any.
- Take the right amount of insulin.
- Check your blood sugar levels regularly and your ketone levels when your diabetes management plan recommends it.
- Stick to your diabetes management plan.